Elliot Fernandez

History of Catalonia (20th century)

The History of Catalonia in the 20th century starts with the Bourbon Restoration of 1874 and ends the fall of the Franco dictatorship and the first elections in 1977.
Elliot Fernandez
Elliot Fernandez
He has a degree in History from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2009) and a Master's in World History from Pompeu Fabra University (2011).
Post on 2019-05-24 | Updated on 2022-09-22

Content in preparation:

The Bourbon Restoration in Catalonia (1874-1931)

After the Sexenio Democrático the conservative classes reorganized themselves as a group of power with the collaboration of the army. Conservatives and the military led to the regime of the Bourbon Restoration (1974-1931)

Political Catalanism, republicanism and laborism in Catalonia

The Facts of the Cu-Cut! and the legislative elections of 1907 won by Catalan Solidarity marked a turning point for political Catalanism.

The years of the Commonwealth of Catalonia (1914-1925)

In 1911, the idea of ​​creating a Community of the 4 Catalan Diputaciones was put into circulation by the Diputación de Barcelona, ​​a project that saw the light of day in 1914.

The triple political and social crisis of 1917

The impact of the First World War was very important. The triple crisis of 1917 erupted over the Restoration regime.

The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Catalonia

On September 13, 1923, the captain general of Catalonia, Miguel Primo de Rivera, led a coup d'état leading to a military dictatorship with the support of King Alfonso XIII.

The fall of Alfonso XIII and the proclamation of the Republic

The municipal elections of 1931 precipitated the fall of a much discredited monarchy after its unconditional support for the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera.

The Second Republic in Catalonia: the constituent period

On April 14, 1931, Lluís Companys proclaimed the Republic from the balcony of the Town Hall. Francesc Macià headed towards the Palau de la Diputació and from the balcony proclaimed the Catalan Republic as an integral State of the Iberian Federation.

Second Republic: autonomous Catalonia (1932-1934)

The Generalitat Republicana began its governmental journey in 1932 after the approval of the Statute and the holding of the first parliamentary elections, where the coalition led by ERC won.

The Events of October 6, 1934

On October 6, 1934 President Lluís Companys proclaimed the Catalan State of the Spanish Federal Republic.

The coup of 1936 in Catalonia: the days from 18 to 19 July

The victory of the Front d'Esquerres in the 1936 elections marked the beginning of a conspiratorial process by the reactionary forces very clearly intended to set in motion the preparations for the coup d'état of July 18 and 19, 1936 .

The Civil War in Catalonia: the revolution of 1936

After the failed coup of 17, 18 and 19 July 1936 in Catalonia, the republican triumph gave rise to the Revolution of 1936 during the summer months.

The Civil War in Catalonia: the Events of May 1937

The internal tensions within the republican side between ERC, PSUC, POUM and CNT around the need to reconfigure the situation of the rear erupted in the form of civil conflict in May 1937.

The Civil War in Catalonia: the Battle of the Ebro and the exile

The Battle of the Ebro was the Republic's last attempt to stop Franco's advance on Valencia and Catalonia. The Republic wanted to show the democratic powers that it was still alive and could be an ally in the war against fascism. The fighting began on July 25, 1938.

The installation of Francoism in Catalonia

The installation of Francoism in Catalonia meant the annulment of democratic freedoms, the prohibition and persecution of political parties (except the Traditionalist Spanish Falange and the JONS), the closure of the press not attached to the military dictatorship and the elimination of left-wing organizations.

Civil and ecclesiastical attitudes during the first Franco regime

During the stage of the first Franco regime, the orbit of Catalan regionalism opted either for withdrawal from the public sphere or for integration within the Franco system. The regionalist world under the dictatorship was undone.

Francoism in Catalonia: exile and political opposition in the years 1940-50

The republican exile was led by thousands of Catalans and Spaniards who were forced to leave the territory and move to other countries for fear of reprisals from the Francoist side. A large part of the first refugees, up to 440,000 would go to France.

Another content available in the few months:

The La Canadenca Strike of 1919

On February 5, 1919, what is popularly known as La Vaga de La Canadenca began in Barcelona, ​​one of the most outstanding episodes of social struggle in our country.