Elliot Fernandez

History of the Contemporary World (1945-2000)

The History of the Present Word, or Post-WWII is that which includes the period included in the Cold War: in 1945 with the end of World War II and in 1991 with the fall of the Soviet Union.
Elliot Fernandez
Elliot Fernandez
He has a degree in History from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2009) and a Master's in World History from Pompeu Fabra University (2011).
Post on 2019-05-24 | Updated on 2022-10-10

The history of the Contemporary world (1945-2000) starts from the end of the Second World War, a conflict that had important consequences all over the world. Geopolitical alliances were redrawn and established for many decades, a division of the world into two blocks where the two victorious allies of the war (the United States and the Soviet Union) faced each other.

During the post-war period and into the 1900s, the United States and the Soviet Union represented two completely different worlds.

The Americans were the capitalist superpower, in favour of the free market economy. It had the armed arm of NATO, where the main European countries were.

The Soviet Union, the other superpower, represented the communist system and gathered within the Warsaw Pact the countries that had come under its orbit of control, that is, Eastern Europe. The two superpowers were at odds until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Those were the years of the Cold War.

World War II Peace Conferences

The Peace Conferences were held with the participation of the allied countries from 1941 to discuss the organization of the world after the Second World War.

The ideological, economic and military framework of the Cold War

After World War II, the United States of America built the argument that the world had been split into two antagonistic blocks.

McCarthyism and the Persecution of Inner Enemies in the Cold War

Throughout the Cold War, the two antagonistic blocks had to ensure their hegemony. Dissidents on both sides became the enemy within.

The birth of the Italian Republic