Elliot Fernandez

History of Spain from Ancient Age to Present days

In this course of Spain's History, we explain the History of the Iberian Peninsula from the Ancient Age to the present days.
Elliot Fernandez
Elliot Fernandez
He has a degree in History from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2009) and a Master's in World History from Pompeu Fabra University (2011).
Post on 2019-11-24 | Updated on 2022-09-28

From Prehistoric Iberia to Roman Hispania

The origins of the human presence in the Iberian Peninsula began with the arrival of the first hominids 1,200,000 years ago.

The Middle Ages in the Iberian Peninsula (476 – 1492)

The history of the Spanish Middle Ages covers a period of more than 1000 years, between the 5th and 15th centuries.

Articles in preparation:

The Hispanic Monarchy at the Early Modern Age (1492-1808)

The Early Modern Age comprises the format period for the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The main rulers that form the Hispanic monarchy were Castilian and Aragon.

From the Ancient Regimen to the Liberal State (1808 – 1868)

The construction of the liberal state in Spain will begin after the death, in 1833, of Ferdinand VII, the last absolutist monarch.

The Sexenio Democrático and the Bourbon Restoration (1868-1898)

Between the fall of Isabel II and the Bourbon restoration of 1874, there was the first attempt to democratize the country by the progressive forces, which did not succeed due to the strong division within these parties.

Economic and demographic evolution of Spain in the 19th century

In the 19th century, the first industrialization process took place in Spain and some important infrastructures such as the railway were built. The economic base will continue to be agriculture.

Spanish society in the 19th century

The 19th century represents a period of profound changes in the economy and society. The new social structures caused important transformations in the social structure.

The crisis of the Restoration regime (1898-1931)

After the loss of the last Spanish colonies in 1898, the Restoration regime entered a final stage of crisis that lasted until 1931 with the establishment of the Second Republic.

The Second Republic (1931-1939)

This article analyses the period of the Peaceful Second Spanish Republic (1931-1936), with special emphasis on the social, economic and political reforms carried out by the different governments of the period.

The Spanish Civil War (1936 – 1939)

The Civil War was a military conflict that pitted the democratic government of the Second Republic against part of the army and right-wing organizations.

The Franco dictatorship (1939-1975)

Francoism was a fascist and dictatorial political regime in force in Spain between 1939 and 1975, born of a coup and the military victory in the Civil War.

Spanish transition: from dictatorship to democracy

The transition can be considered as the last phase of the dictatorship, when once the dictator is dead, a series of changes begin but from the initial maintenance of the order of the dictatorial regime.