Elliot Fernandez

Historian and Front-end developer

Timeline Late Modern period (1789-1945)

The timeline of the Late Modern period covers a historical period of two centuries, from the French Revolution in 1789 to 1945.
Elliot Fernández

Elliot Fernández

He has a degree in History from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (2009) and a Master's in World History from Pompeu Fabra University (2011).

Post on 21/07/2020 | Updated on 12/10/2022

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The Late Modern History period is the historical stage closest to the present time. It is traditionally considered to have begun with the French Revolution of 1789 and has continued up to the present day. But some historians have considered it appropriate to take this stage to the end of the World War II. The timeline of the Late Modern Period synthesizes the main events that have occurred during this period.

It is a relatively short period of only two centuries. Time when history accelerated. It was the period when humanity experienced the most profound changes. There were technological, political, demographic and economic revolutions of great importance.

industrial Capitalism

The events of this period have been marked by accelerated transformations. It began with the French Revolution (politics) and was followed by the Industrial Revolution (economics). While the pre-industrial society was being destroyed, a new class society was being built. The contemporary world is dominated by a new privileged elite, the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie replaced its traditional antagonists (the aristocrats) in power.

Contemporary society experienced the birth and development of a new social class, the labour movement. The workers put forward different alternatives to capitalism through the unions and the left-wing political parties.

French Revolution

In the political field, new ideologies and political forms emerged. The most prominent political movements were liberalism, nationalism and totalitarianism.

In contrast, the 20th century saw the greatest wars known to mankind. The first half of the century saw the World War I and the World War II. Between one war and the other, the world experienced the emergence of totalitarian regimes. Their maximum expression was Nazism in Germany.

The timeline of Late Modern Period 1789-1945: an interconnected world

The timeline of the Late Modern Period contained here shows the most outstanding events of the period from a Eurocentric view of the world. But the contemporary world is the most universal historical stage in history. The revolution in transport made it possible to have an interconnected planet. Political and economic relations went beyond the traditional borders of the European continent.

Main historical facts of the period 1789-1800:

First permanent European settlement established in Australia by Great Britain in Sydney.British Empire26th January 1788SidneyAustralia
Inauguration as the first President of the United States of George WashingtonIndependence United States of America30th April 1789New YorkUnited States of America
Creation of the Breton Club and the subsequent Society of Friends of the ConstitutionFrench Revolution30th April 1789VersaillesFrance
Opening of the 1789 Estates General at the Hôtel des Menus PlaisirsFrench Revolution5th May 1789VersaillesFrance
The members of the Third Estate constitute the National Assembly, by refusing to deliberate jointly with the other two Estates (nobility and clergy).French Revolution17th May 1789VersaillesFrance
Jeu de Paume Oath, the deputies of the National Assembly swear not to separate until they have endowed France with a Constitution.French Revolution20th June 1789VersaillesFrance
With the accession of the deputies of the clerical and noble states to the National Assembly, it becomes the National Constituent Assembly.French Revolution9th July 1789Hôtel des Menus-Plaisirs, VersaillesFrance
Storming of the BastilleFrench Revolution14th July 1789ParisFrance
Approval of the 4th August Decrees: abolition of Feudalism and of the privileges of the nobility and the clergyFrench Revolution4th August 1789VersaillesFrance
Proclamation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.French Revolution26th August 1789VersaillesFrance
The Assemblée nationale constituent (National Constituent Assembly) moves from Versailles to ParisFrench Revolution19th October 1789Salle du Manège at the Tuileries, ParisFrance
The Society of Friends of the Constitution becomes the Jacobin ClubFrench Revolution19th October 1789ParisFrance
The Society for the Rights of Man and the Citizen, better known as the Cordeliers Club, is founded.French Revolution27th April 1790ParisFrance
The civil constitution of the clergy is sanctioned by King Louis XVIFrench Revolution22nd July 1790ParisFrance
Louis XVI of France sends a message of help to Frederick William II of Prussia to stop the revolution.French Revolution3sd December 1790ParisFrance
The Society of Friends of the Constitution or Club des Feuillants is created, an aristocratic split from the Jacobins, in favour of a constitutional monarchy.French Revolution16th July 1791ParisFrance
The French Revolutionary Wars begin. The National Assembly declares war on Austria, considered the focus of the counter-revolutionFrench Revolution20th April 1791France
The Assembly votes the Constitution of 1791, which establishes a constitutional monarchy in which the legislative power is exercised by a Legislative Assembly, elected by census suffrage.French Revolution3rd – 13th September 1791ParisFrance
The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen (French: Déclaration des droits de la femme et de la citoyenne), was written by French activist, feminist, and playwright Olympe de Gouges in response to the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.French Revolution14 September 1791ParisFrance
Popular insurrection in Paris, called the 10th of August 1792. The insurrectionary Commune of Paris is constituted, the people take the Tuileries Palace, residence of the kings. Fall of the constitutional monarchy.French Revolution10th August 1792ParisFrance
Creation of the first Revolutionary Court, at the request of Maximilien de Robespierre.French Revolution17th August 1792ParisFrance
The Haitian Revolution was a successful insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue. The revolt ended in 1804 with the former colony’s independence. It involved black, biracial, French, Spanish, British, and Polish participants—with the ex-slave Toussaint Louverture emerging as Haiti’s most charismatic hero.Haitian Revolution
22nd August 1791 – 18th November 1804
The New York Stock and Exchange
is founded.
Capitalism17th May 1792New YorkUnited States of America
Establishment of the First French Republic. The monarchy is abolished in France by the National ConventionFrench Revolution21st September 1792ParisFrance
Execution of Louis XVI in the Place de la RévolutionFrench Revolution21st January 1793ParisFrance
The Convention establishes the Committee of Public Safety.French Revolution6th April 1793ParisFrance
The Convention adopts the Law of Suspects that allowed massive arrests for the sole suspicion of being an enemy of the revolution. The period of “The Terror” begins.French Revolution17th September 1793ParisFrance
The Convention approves the Law of Pradial 22, which begins the Great Terror.French Revolution10th June 1793ParisFrance
Fall of Maximilien de Robespierre in the Coup d’état of 9 ThermidorFrench Revolution27th July 1793ParisFrance
The Constitution of the year III is approved, which establishes the regime of the Directory after the fall of the revolutionary government of the ConventionFrench Revolution22nd August 1795ParisFrance
Coup d’état on 18 Fructidor. The republicans defeat the monarchists.French Revolution4th September 1797ParisFrance
Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup d’état of the 18th brumaire against the Directory. The regime of the Consulate begins.French Revolution9th November 1799ParisFrance
A group of English textile workers in Manchester rebelled against the introduction of machinery which threatened their skilled craft. This was one of the initial riots that would occur under the Luddite movement.Industrial Revolution / Luddite movement9th October 1799ManchesterUnited Kingdom
The first large-scale Luddite riot took place in Arnold, Nottingham resulting in the destruction of machinery.Industrial Revolution / Luddite movement1811NottinghamUnited Kingdom

Main historical facts of the period 1800-1900:

Formation of First InternationalIndustrial capitalism era28/9/1864LondonUnited Kingdom

Main historical facts of the period 1900-1945:

NSDAP’S foundationInterwar period24/2/1920MunichGermany
Beer Hall PutschInterwar period8/11/1923 – 9/11/1923MunichGermany
Agreement against the Communist International (The Anti-Comintern Pact)World War II25/11/1936BerlinGermany
Japanese occupation of China (Second Sino-Japanese War)World War II7/7/1937BeijingChina
The annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany (Anschluss)World War II11/3/1938 – 13/3/1938ViennaAustria
Munich AgreementWorld War II30/9/1938MunichGermany
Italian invasion of AlbaniaWorld War II7/5/1939 – 12/5/1939TiranaAlbania
Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy (the Pact of Steel)World War II22/5/1939BerlinGermany
Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact)World War II23/8/1939MoscowRussia
Germany invades Poland. Beginning of WWIIWorld War II1/9/1939WarsawPoland
Cabinet of Winston Churcill as Prime MinisterWorld War II10/5/1940 – 26/7/1945LondonUnited Kingdom
Wannsee ConferenceWorld War II20/1/1942BerlinGermany
Battle of StalingradWorld War II23/8/1942 – 2/2/1943VolgogradRussia
Dissolution of the Third International (Komintern)World War II15/5/1943MoscowRussia
Tehran ConferenceWorld War II28/11/1943 – 3/12/1943TeheranIran
Verona TrialWorld War II8/1/1944 – 10/1/1944VeronaItaly
Normandy landingsWorld War II6/6/1944NormandyFrance
Liberation of ParisWorld War II19/8/1944 – 25/8/1944ParisFrance
Fourth Moscow ConferenceWorld War II9/9/1944 – 19/9/1944MoscowRussia
Yalta ConferenceWorld War II4/2/1945 – 11/2/1945YaltaRussia
Battle of BerlinWorld War II6/4/1945 – 9/5/1945BerlinGermany
Potsdam ConferenceWorld War II17/7/1945 – 2/8/1945PotsdamGermany

All articles of the course:

  • Link Timeline of Contemporary period (1945-2020)
  • Link Timeline Late Modern period (1789-1945)
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